Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh, lies in the middle of the Heritage Arc. This bustling city, famed for its Nawabi era finesse and amazing food, is a unique mix of the ancient and the modern. It is home to extraordinary monuments depicting a fascinating blend of ancient, colonial and oriental architecture. Lucknow’s cuisine, also known as Awadhi cuisine has a unique- Nawabi style. The major highlights are biryanis, kebabs and some breads (nahari-kulchas, roomali rotis and warqi parathas). Kebabs actually a specialty, are of various types such as Tunde ke Kebabs, Kakori Kebabs, Shami Kebabs, Galawati Kebabs, Boti Kababs, Patili-ke-Kababs, Seekh Kebabs and Ghutwa Kababs. Tunde Ke Kabab, also known as buffalo meat galouti kebab is a dish made out of minced meat which is popular in Lucknow. It is part of Awadhi cuisine. It is said to incorporate 160 spices
How to make Tunde Kabab or Galawat Kabab
500 gms minced Mutton
10 gms. Bread crumbs
1meduim sized chopped Onion
10 pods Garlic (Lasan )
1 ” long piece Cinnamon (Dalchini)
1 ” long piece Ginger (Adrak)
1 tsp Cumin Seed (Jeera)
5 Pepper corns (Kalimirchi)
3 Red Chillies
5 Green Chilly (Hari Mirch) chopped
100 gms. Bengal Gram (Chana) soaked overnight
Boil minced meat in 3 cups of water and a teaspoonful of salt till water is absorbed and meat is tender. Grind meat into a fine paste. Take garlic, cumin seeds, cardamoms, cinnamon, ginger, peppercorns, red chillies, Bread crumbs and soaked gram dal and grind into a fine paste. Mix both the pastes well. Now mix well beaten eggs and prepare a uniform dough Add finely chopped green chillies and onion to dough and mix well. Shape the dough into small round flattened balls or kababs. Heat ghee and deep fry kababs till golden brown..And serve hot with sauce or chutney.
Clarified Butter Lucknow can be called a paradise for food lovers. Lucknow boasts of being home to various tourist attractions. Roomi gate, Bada Imambada, Shah Mina Shah, Tare Wali Kothi, Dilkusha, Khursheed Manzil, Satkhanda, Shahi Baoli, Nadan Mahal, Banarsi Bagh, Chattar Manzil are some of well-known attractions for tourists.For shopping hazratganj is a fashion bazaar.In Aminabad you get everything under one roof here in this bazaar mainly jewellery and pickle shop.Chowk is old market where you find chinkankari cloths.
Chikan is a traditional embroidery style from lucknow india.literally translated the word means embroidery. believed to have been introduced by nur jehan the wife of mughal emperor jahangir. it is one of lucknow best known textile decoration styles. the market for local chikan is mainly in chowk lucknow.the technique of creation of a chikan work is known as chikankari .chikan is a delicate and artfully done hand embroidery on a variety of textile fabric like muslin silk chiffon organza net etc. white thread is embroidered on cool, pastel shades of light muslin and cotton garments. Nowadays chikan embroidery is also done with coloured and silk threads in colours to meet the fashion trends and keep chikankari up-to-date. Lucknow is the heart of the chikankari industry today and the variety is known as Lucknawi chikan. Chikan work in the recent times has adapted additional embellishments like Mukaish, Kamdani, Badla, Kamdani, sequin, bead and mirror work, which gives it a rich look. Chikan embroidery is mostly done on fabrics like cotton, semi-Georgette, pure Georgette, crepe, chiffon, silk and any other fabric which is light and which highlights the embroidery. The fabric cannot be too thick or hard, else the embroidery needle won’t pierce it. The piece begins with one or more pattern blocks that are used to block-print a pattern on the ground fabric. The embroiderer stitches the pattern, and the finished piece is carefully washed to remove all traces of the printed pattern. The process of chikankari includes following steps:
- Design The designer motifs are mostly inspired from the mughal era. More natural elements are incorporated into the design like flowers and leaves. When Chikankari was still in a very nascent stage, FISH was an integral part of the design as it was also the emblem of the court of Oudh.
- Engraving and Block printing Once the design is approved, it is engraved on one or more design blocks. Design blocks are then used for block printing on the ground fabric.
- Embroidery A master embroiderer then create his or her magic by making use of different types of stitches. Different types of stitches are discussed below. The type of stitches and the thickness of the thread determine the patterns and effects created on the fabric. There are more than 35 stitches used in Chikankari to give a unique look to each design. All these 35 stitches are mainly classified into 3 main types. Flat, embossed, and raised stitches. Flat stitches are very subtle in nature and remain close to the fabric. Embossed stitches provide a grainy appearance to the fabric.
- Washing and finishing
The patterns and effects created depend on the stitches and the thicknesses of the threads used. There are hardly any garments with Lucknow Chikan work that don’t use floral patterns or motifs.
Different Types Of Stitches Used In Chikankari
- Tepchi: This is one of the simplest form of designing a Chikankari dress. It’s a linear, long running or darning stitch on a fabric. Six strands on the right side of the ground fabric taken over four threads and one of them is picked up. This particular style is mostly chosen to outline the design motif.
- Bakhiya: This type of stitch is known for its double back and shadow work. It’s mostly done from the wrong side of the fabric and the actual design on the front end is rendered in herringbone style. The shadow of the thread is seen on the cloth from the right side. In industry, it is also known as “Ulti” and “Seedhi” Bakhiya.
- Hool: This one is a fine detached eyelet stitch. It is made with the help of six threads and forms the heart of the flower. A hole is very delicately punched into the fabric and the threads are then separated from each other. It is then held by miniscule stitches all around with a single thread on the right side of the fabric.
- Zanzeera: This is a very small delicately handcrafted chain stitch worked with one thread being on the right side of the fabric. It’s is mostly used for enhancing the outline of a shape like flower or a petal once basic outlines have already been made.
- Rahet: An offshoot of the Bakhiya stitch, it is rarely used in its simplest form. Popularly known as “Dohra Bakhiya”, it forms a solid line of back stitch on the right side of the fabric. Mostly used to create outline stitches.
- Banarsi: A form of twisted stitch which is done with six threads on the right side of the fabric. Working on the right side and at an interval of 5 threads, a small stitch is taken over about two threads vertically. The needle is again reinserted at the half way mark just below the horizontal stitch and is taken out about two threads vertically on the right hand side just above the preceding stitch.
- Khatau: Just like Rahet, Khatau is also an offshoot of Bakhiya. The most noticeable difference is that it is finer and is a form of appliqué. The design is mostly prepared on a calico which is a plain woven unbleached textile and often not fully processes cotton.
- Phanda: This is one of the most commonly used and amongst the well known stitches along with Murri. It’s mostly used in making the center of the flowers in simple Chikankari design motifs. The basic difference between a Phanda and Murri is that Murri is a rice shaped design while a Phanda is millet shaped.
Jali: These stitches require great level of meticulous expertise. The beauty of this design is that the threads are never drawn through the fabric making the back of the fabric as impeccable as the front. The threads are very carefully drawn apart and very small buttonhole stitches are inserted into the cloth.
- Turpai and Darzdari: These two types of stitches are integral part of Chikankari. Turpai is recognised by think thread design while Darzdari comes in various forms like “Singbhada Darz”, “kohidarz”, Kamal darz”, “Shankarpara Darz” etc.
- There are many other types of Chikankari stitches which are: Banjkali, Makra, Kauri, Sazi, Karan, Kapkapi, Madrazi, Bulbul-Chasm, Taj Mahal, Chanapatti, Keel Kangan, Sidhaul etc.